Timeline - data, learning & knowledge sharing
Processes and documents that frame data, learning & knowledge sharing on media development and governance within Official Development Assistance (ODA).
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This abridged summary of the processes, documents, policy papers and meetings relevant to international media assistance indicates the need:
    to bring new donors into media support
    for new approaches to media development that leverage other areas of the donor agenda
    for new and innovative funding strategies
    to further efforts to improve data, learning and knowledge sharing mechanisms

2021 - Media Freedom Coalition discussion on ODA support to media (13 April)

In addition to OECD guidelines, A number of countries have specific guidelines for media assistance and journalism support, including, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) ​The role of media in creating inclusive, just and peaceful societies - Guidelines for SDC media assistance (2020)​
The Media Freedom Coalition (MFC) was formed in July 2019 at the Global Conference for Media Freedom in London as “a partnership of countries working together to advocate for media freedom and safety of journalists and hold to account those who harm journalists for doing their job”.
The Global Conference for Media Freedom hosted a session for donors on 10 July 2019.
1000 organisations now publish their development and humanitarian spending to IATI's Development Portal - a view of all IATI data by the recipient country or publisher, comparable with the latest OECD DAC CRS (Creditor Reporting System) data - including all major media development donors.
Goal 16 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted as part of Agenda 2030 in 2015 marked a milestone by including an explicit target to “Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms” (Goal 16.10).
In addition to OECD guidelines, A number of countries have specific guidelines for media assistance and journalism support, including, European Commission - Guidelines for EU support to media freedom and media integrity in enlargement countries, 2014-2020.

OECD DAC GovNet - 15 Sep 2014

OECD DAC, Strategic Principles for Media Assistance, Accountability and Democratic Governance: Orientations and Principles for Development, OECD DAC Guidelines and References Series, OECD 2013, as referenced in a January 2014 paper, Domestic Accountability and Support to Media: From the Why to the How in Effective Cooperation.
Accountability and Democratic Governance
“Historically, media development has focused on journalism training ...[however]... donors increasingly understand that the media are part of a country’s political economy and therefore require broader, more substantial, and longer-term support.”
The paper also lamented the dearth of efforts within donor organisations dedicated to understanding media’s role, the low level of priority often given to media issues within development agencies, and the lack of mechanisms that institutionalise media support into policy structures.
In early 2012, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Working Party on Development Finance Statistics (WP-STAT) and the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) developed a framework for the common standard for publishing aid information. This framework built upon the commitments donors made at the 4th High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-4).

2011 - OECD DAC / GOVNET commitment to media support

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) has played a key role in elevating the importance of media development, including a 2011 commitment by DAC and its Network on Governance (GOVNET) “to support the media, alongside with parliaments and political parties, as part of its broader promotion of domestic accountability.”
In addition to OECD guidelines, A number of countries have specific guidelines for media assistance and journalism support, including, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) Sida's guidelines for Media Development (2010).
In 2008 UNESCO adopted a set of media development indicators, which “define a framework within which the media can best contribute to, and benefit from, good governance and democratic development.”
At the Second High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (2005), it was recognised that aid could - and should - be producing better impacts and development efforts should be based on first-hand experience of what works and does not work.

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