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Business models & start-ups

Research and reports about the effectiveness of donor and foundation-supported programmes to support the sustainability and viability of business models and start-ups.
The resource on this page are organised into the following sections:

BUSINESS MODELS

BBC Media Action, PRIMED- SARAH ZAAROUR

The full report is available here.
"Under international law, states are required to create an enabling legal and regulatory environment that supports a free, diverse and pluralistic media sector. Financial support provided by public authorities to private media organisations can help protect and promote pluralism and diversity in the media, provided that effective safeguards are put in place to prevent governments from interfering in editorial policy and independence."

BBC Media Action, PRIMED- EMMANUEL SAFFA ABDULAI

The full report is available here.
"...stakeholders believe that any attempt to streamline the industry should address these three issues ahs a matter of priority. They are calling for a complete overhaul of existing advertising policy and for a standalone regulation that is informed by a nationwide consultation and that focuses exclusively on the advertising industry. It is believed that having an effective policy will serve to address existing gaps both in the market and the advertising community."

BBC Media Action, PRIMED- IBRAHIM BANGURA

The full report is available here.
"The purpose of this political economy analysis (PEA) is to understand how political and economic factors have affected, or hindered, the media sector in Sierra Leone as well as the potential for private sector investment in the media in order to help inform and shape the discussions between local stakeholders during the Conference."

BBC Media Action, PRIMED- MILAN F. ZIVKOVIC, KAROLINA LEAKOVIC

The full report is available here.
"This report presents four models of direct media subsidies in Europe: from Serbia, Croatia, Sweden and the European Union as well as an overview of reduced VAT rates for newspapers, digital publications and periodicals in EU countries and Serbia."

Forum Media and Development (FOME)- JOHANNA MACK

"Media development assistance and media systems research are intricately connected: by describing, assessing, and attempting to change them, media development actors produce knowledge about media systems and directly impact them. This research review explores the intersections of academic media systems research and practices of describing and assessing media landscapes in the media development sector and suggests how both could learn from each other."

Konrad Adenauer Stiftung- ANYA SCHIFFRIN, HANNAH CLIFFORD, THEODORA DAME ADJIN-TETTEY

"In the absence of research and hard evidence as to what works best (not unique to journalism—some things are essentially unknowable) we’re seeing pragmatism, with different groups backing policies that seem politically feasible. There is continuing tension between the larger, established outlets that benefit from many of the government programs to support journalism and the niche players/digital startups, which have less to gain."
A summary of this report is available here.

IPI - JACQUI PARK, EDEN VERED

The full PDF report is available here. A summary, by Jacqui Park, is available here.
This report presents "how local news media around the world are rethinking everything in the digital age, and what they need now to sustain the vital journalism serving their communities."

WAN-IFRA- ANDREW HESLOP

"Publishers globally are adapting to the digital present, yet even the most experienced practitioners are hard-pressed to define what constitutes sustainable and resilient business models." This report "responds to the challenges faced by media in politically and financially pressured environments as they seek to be more resilient."

CIMA, NED- MICHELLE J. FOSTER

This report is the product of more than a dozen interviews with media development experts and the author's extensive experience in the field. It found that "many media businesses are unable to take full advantage" of the growth of access to media worldwide. "Compounding this lack of media development assistance targeted to media managers, the expansion of economic constraints on media businesses, and a lack of access to investment capital. This naiveté about the business side poses a significant risk to the sustainability of independent news media."

PUBLIC SERVICE MEDIA

Wyncote Foundation - ELIZABETH SHAPIRO, MARK FUEST & CAROLINE PORTER

The full report is available here:
The Growing Strength of Local Media Public Journalism.pdf
410KB
PDF
This study revisits the public media ecosystem in the United States, especially with regard to local radio and public broadcasting, identifying key problems to do with financial sustainability as well as areas for growth.
We believe public media is suffering in part from a knowledge gap in the national conversations about the future of local news ... part of what future-of-news discussions have lacked is a rigorous, data-based assessment of the growth in local journalism capacity and service of public broadcasters; and a historical assessment of what has accounted for the successes and struggles of public broadcasting local news that can be learned from and built upon. This report aims to close that critical gap in collective knowledge about one set of important institutions for rebuilding local news: The public media system.

The Freedom of Expression Institute

The full report is available here.
"This handbook focuses on the transformation from state to independent broadcasting in South Africa, and the lessons that can be drawn from this transformation for the Southern African Development Community (SADC), where many countries have broadcasting sectors that are undergoing transformation. The handbook is for use by South African and Southern African Development Community (SADC)-wide civil society organisations, as well as independent and community media."

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